Turquoise Energy Newsletter #150 - November 2020
Turquoise Energy News #150
covering November 2020 (Posted December 4th 2020 AD / 25 AI - After Internet)
Lawnhill BC Canada - by Craig Carmichael


www.TurquoiseEnergy.com = www.ElectricCaik.com = www.ElectricHubcap.com

Month In "Brief" (Project Summaries etc.)
  - Carport - A renter comes and goes - Lithium Ion Battery Assembly - Small 12V COB LED Panel Light - Mini T-Plug Shells - Misrepresentations about renewable energy: Discernment

In Passing (Miscellaneous topics, editorial comments & opinionated rants)
  - USA: Corrupted Processes and the Need to Evolve Democracy - Efficacy of Ivermectin for treating CoViD-19 (This pandemic should be HISTORY!) - Chickens & Gardening - Small Thots (Carbonated Beverages and Tooth Decay - Gold Confiscation?) - ESD

- Detailed Project Reports -

Electric Transport - Electric Hubcap Motor Systems
* Just the start of a writeup on Ground Effect Craft ducted fan controls

Other "Green" Electric Equipment Projects
* Small 3D Printed 12V COB LED Panel Light

Electricity Generation
* My Solar Power System: - Monthly Solar Production log et cetera - Notes: Cloudiest weather ever.

Electricity Storage
* Turquoise Battery Project (NiMnOx-Zn in Mixed Alkali-Salt electrolyte) - No Report
* Assembling my LG 120 AH Lithium Ion Cells Into 36V 'Stack' - Some thoughts on those




November in Brief


   I continued making my carport/lumber storage/firewood storage place, started in October. Somehow even that got postponed and delayed to extremes. I joked to someone that I was putting up one post a week, which wasn't far from the truth.


Carport project Nov. 8th.
One wall got framed in a couple of days. And then it sat... and sat...


   But in less than ideal weather I finally got the three roof support posts up on the house side, some plywood on the outer wall to stiffen it, and the last rafters up by the 30th.
   I had intended to make it very light, but with a 15 foot span I realized I had better use 2"x6"s for the rafters, and lag bolt the heavy posts to the house to hold it upright.




Two views of the ~16 by 20 foot carport/lumber/firewood shed
project, started in October, at the end of November.
Except for the plywood and one post, all the lumber was spruce from my own trees,
cut on the handheld bandsaw mill that I created in 2018. Using it shrank my lumber
piles, but not by a lot.
(I could have used scaffolding everywhere doing
the rafters. I went up and down ladders a lot.)

   I had many times thought about renting out my travel trailer, and unexpectedly got an eager renter for it in October. But it proved too hard to keep it warm. It's really a summer abode and I said sorry, I regretted renting it. But my renter at that point got an offer of a lovely place in Vernon, from where she could continue her university studies in the Okanagan.
   It's funny how serendipity works. If I hadn't rented her the trailer, she'd have signed a lease agreement in October for the more costly place she had been looking at, would have been just all settled in and paid a deposit, and wouldn't have been able to move back to Vernon. The month in the trailer lined up the timelines for her. (She phoned and said she had made it to Vernon in 5 days, towing a huge 8'x12' trailer piled high with 2000-3000 pounds of stuff in it, at low speed with her none too large SUV, hogging the highway the whole way. She left plenty behind too - ugh!)
   I "inherited" her 11 young chickens, two ducks and a turkey. (Was 13 - She gave 2 chickens to someone else.) Now they need another space besides my fenced-in garden before spring!)

   As usual in the last few months I didn't find much time for energy projects. I didn't tackle the steering-power control for the RC model ground effect vehicle, or my new chemistry batteries. I did manage a couple of small things.

Lithium Ion Battery Assembly

   One was that I at last put together one of three stacks of ten 3.6V, 120AH lithium cells, making a 36 volt battery of 4320 watt-hours.
   I had purchased these new but 'surplus' cells in the summer - a bargain but no small expense for so many. (30 + 2 spares) They needed a custom means of clamping the floppy tab ends together and to solid terminal blocks. I had arranged with someone who was going to Prince Rupert to buy aluminum to pick me up a long piece of 1/2"x3/4" that I could cut up to make these clamps. I finally phoned to ask if perchance he had done it yet. He had, but he had forgotten why he got that piece. Picking up the aluminum was the pivot that got me putting the stack together. (Also I was a bit concerned that they hadn't been charged in many months. The other 22 still haven't.)
   After having had to redo it, adding a special screw to every clamp for the balance charger wires because only the screws in the topmost clamps could be accessed, on the 29th I connected up the balance charger wires. On the end clamps I made 1/2" threaded holes with stainless steel bolts for the terminal posts, commensurate I trust with the very high current ratings.
   After making one, then three, sets of connection clamps, I did 6 more at once. (one is left over for the next stack) Then I did the two end clamps to connect wires to. The next two stacks should go just a little faster than the first one.
   I threaded the holes in one of the aluminum bars in each clamp so I wouldn't have to add nuts. After the first two, I remembered a technique for threading them faster by putting the tap in a battery operated, variable speed drill. One can go in a ways, then reverse and quickly back the tap right out of the piece, and brush all the bits of metal off it and when needed add more oil before the next bit. The tap is less likely to break when it's kept clean. There's another key to that: don't do up the chuck too tight. Instead, if (when) the tap jams it slips in the chuck instead of breaking. (I ended up tightening the chuck as much as I could by hand and it still slipped when the going got too hard.)
   It would have been very tedious threading the 33 holes (1/4", 3/8" and 1/2" deep) all by hand. I only tapped the two big 1/2" holes for the power wire bolts by hand. (Crimp connectors for #2/0 AWG power wires in the photo.)


Four of the nine interconnection clamps for each stack
(before adding balance charger wire terminal bolt).


   I bought 30 of these cells (plus two spares) because of their fabulous specs for a low price, but it still seems hard to imagine that a 44 pound stack of ten cell modules with foil connection tabs will apparently deliver up to 320 amps continuous (let us Not short circuit them!).
   Two stacks in series (72V) ought to be able to drive my Miles mini electric cargo van 25 Km into town with range to spare, while weighing only about 10% as much as its original 12 golf cart batteries. (I'm not so sure about coming back without recharging with either set.)
   But I'm really hoping to finish the Sprint "ultra-efficient EV" project with the lossless variable torque converter... someday. One stack should run it, but I would put all three stacks in it in parallel. That would surely get to town and back, and substantially farther, on one charge.
   And sitting in the Sprint in the garage they can charge from the house solar panels and double as backup power for the house should that ever be needed.


Small 12V COB LED Panel Light

   I had bought a few 12 volt "COB" LED lights. They're like a little piece of circuit board (94x50mm) with LED emitters and a phosphor across the front. I thought that with some surplus slabs of aluminum I could 3D print little panel lights that might be a salable item along with other "off grid infrastructure" products like the T-Plugs, sockets and wall plates. But the aluminum slabs didn't have much in the way of protruding fins. They would absorb the heat from the COB board, but not dispel it well, so they would gradually get quite hot. I went down from 10 watts to 7 at 12.0 volts with a bigger series resistor (2.0 Ω) and they still got too hot for my liking.

   I also ordered some small ready-made panel lights that said "12V" on the page, but which in fact needed 75-90 volts DC without their 120-240 VAC power adapters. (They did Not get 5 stars in my rating! But I didn't trouble to send them back. I have no use for them and I spent 80$ for 8 of them.) I got a bit frustrated by that and went back to making my own design. On line at Aliexpress.com again I searched for heatsinks and found some the required size. I bought five. I resized the 3D housing to fit and made a nice light. I kept the watts down, and it doesn't get so hot as the previous one at the same power.


The old light with the plate that gets too hot,
and a "proper" finned heatsink.

   But somehow in spite of 3D printing the case, it seemed like work than it was worth to assemble and wire it. (It might seem more worthwhile if I made a whole batch, doing them all at once.) And the light is a bit glaring. I might fix that, too, by making the case thicker so the diffuser is farther from the emitters.


Size of the light hung on a wall (before wiring it).
The fact that one can see the yellow phosphor outline rather clearly
is a good indication that the light will be glaring, not an even glow.




The light on "Low" (1 W).
Hah! I used the camera flash to avoid seeing nothing but the bright light and black all around.


Mini T-Plug Shells


["31st"] Along with doing the light, I also wanted to improve the shell design for the 12 volt T-Plugs. The shell encloses the plug with its bare wire and soldered connections. My first shells with one bolt (right) tended to spring open just a bit and allowed the plug to pull out of the shell when trying to unplug it. I finally got to this on the morning of December 1st. (It was the last little bit to finish my LED panel light.) I gave up my "slim cube" design and added "ears" to put screws through near the plug blades end. That did seem to solve the problem quite well, and I think they still look fine. I didn't put the "ears" right at the end, and as I hoped, that allows the user to get a good grip to unplug it. (People always say "Don't pull on the cord!", and yet most plugs don't have a good shape to grab and pull on them.)


Mini-T-Plug shells. At the right, the old one.
There ended up being two versions of the new ones for different size wires "small" and "large".
The middle new shell was "sliced" with Cura and its detail is finer than
those using "Skeinforge" - but it took almost twice as long to print.
(And the screw holes came out too small.)

   I used all three new shells on my LED light cords. I'd better print some more to sell! Funny, I did "top:bottom" two piece shells and never even thought of doing "front:back" shells, which might theoretically be more estheticly pleasing. Well, they're so small it probably doesn't matter. And these can be added after soldering the wires on. The other type requires remembering to slip the back piece of the shell onto the wire before connecting the wire to the plug.

   I ordered some other ready made small 12V LED panel lights from a different AliExpress store. I trust these are good ones. They too will get the "mini T-plug" connector with a proper housing on the cord.


Discernment

   A duplicitous video purporting to show that solar and renewable energy is really not good for the environment showed a very big lump of coal and said that much coal was needed to make a solar panel, so making the panel was a big waste of coal and a contributor to pollution and CO2 emissions. It was unclear whether the coal was supposed to be part of the actual material for the panel or just represented the amount of energy as coal needed to make the glass and other components. What other major substance is in coal besides carbon? How could it release CO2 and still be a component material? If it was simply a representation of the energy needed to produce the panel, then of course that energy doesn't need to be made with coal at all. It would seem the presenters were after an emotional gut reaction to the huge ugly lump of coal, not to make any reasoned argument.

   Another non-issue often blown into a "big deal" is that there's "no recycling for solar panels with their exotic/toxic materials". The first thing to realize is that perhaps 98% of the mass of a solar panel is a piece of tempered glass in an aluminum frame. Then there's a sheet of plastic behind the glass that sticks the photoactive parts to the underside of the glass accounting for at least half of the other 2%. The "toxic" elements are minor dopants, "impurities" that are part of the silicon wafers and can't be released into the environment. (And even sodium and chlorine are "toxic" elements, but we die without sodium chloride salt.)
   These same people make no complaint about recycling of glass, aluminum, plastic or electronic equipment if they aren't parts of a solar panel. One could probably scrape all the doped crystalline silicon material from a whole rooftop's worth of solar panels into one garbage pail that regular home garbage pickup would have no problem with. (Then the big framed windows could be made into a fabulous greenhouse if one had enough of them!)
   The second thing is that while nuclear and oil proponents decry "the piles of solar panels being dumped on third world countries where there are no facilities for recycling them", solar panels are built to last for decades, and they have only been made in major quantity for about one decade. Why don't they show us the pictures? Obviously no such piles of scrapped solar panels exist anywhere in the world. If they did, those poor third world people would be eagerly taking them and putting them to use. And at the same time no mention is made by these devious misrepresenters of the far more real problems of disposing of petroleum and coal waste products, or the 8000 tons of dangerous radioactive material sitting at nuclear reactor sites in the USA because no one knows what to do with them. Who will be left to look after all that for thousands of years as all these operators declare bankruptcy (within a few decades - a century, tops) when each whole plant has become too radioactive to work around? And how many more Chernobyls and Fukashimas will there be before a stop is put to it all?
   It seems to be a typical tactic for those creating problems or committing crimes to accuse their accusers of the very problems or crimes they are causing.

   Anyway, here is an actual estimate of how much CO2 is released by different forms of energy per kilowatt-hour. And the left value is all "renewables" in general. Solar panels are probably among the lowest of those.



   Is there any depth of dishonesty the rich and powerful will not go to to twist the truth so that the solution looks like a worse problem than the problem it solves? This fake "information", so obviously put out by the "big oil" and nuclear power lobbies on behalf of their ultra-rich owners, shows that one must always use one's own careful discernment and check suspicious sounding claims with other sources before accepting them. Even if these claims are repeated over and over as if they were true.

   Here is an interesting video on that subject:

How the media distorts the truth
by "Thoughty 2"
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BgQ79evjylc





In Passing
(Miscellaneous topics, editorial comments & opinionated rants)


USA: Corrupted Processes and the Pressing Need to Evolve Democracy

   Who actually won the recent US election? A great many average Americans have become pretty fed up - not to say disillusioned and cynical - about the way things have been going. For at least the last three decades, no matter who they vote for, nothing changes. Without an enemy anywhere in the world after the fall of the Soviet Union in about 1989, increasing wars and ever increasing debt have been foisted upon them to benefit big oil, the weapons industries and the whole military industrial complex, big agra, big chemie, big pharma, big banking -- all manner of big corrupt corporations and interests. None of this - in fact nothing being done by government for decades - has been to the benefit and uplift of the American people or society. Instead it has progressively curtailed and barred legitimate personal and business freedoms, initiative and options, and increasingly 'misundereducated' and impoverished the citizenry. This has reached the point of almost outright looting of the wealth of the great majority of the population and reducing "the middle class" to economic serfdom to a tiny ultra-rich so-called "elite" (and this year, further reducing them to economic superfluity). And the military aggressiveness has scared and angered other nations, fostering arms races abroad.

   Has meaningful change become impossible? The whole system has been gamed from behind the scenes by the ever more corrupt and entrenched "DC establishment" - the "beltway crowd", "oligarchy" or "cleptocracy". They have controlled the narrative and taken over the whole political process including the nominations processes, putting up candidates Tweedledum and Tweedledee for citizens to choose between at each election. Who wins is largely of concern to Tweedledum and Tweedledee themselves and perhaps to factions within the oligarchy, not to the nation at large, because both of the potential winners (all other candidates being very effectively barred) have pledged their wholehearted support to the power brokers in order to be chosen for nomination. Those power brokers are a whole team consisting of corrupt top-position civil servants and judges appointed by the corrupt processes, corrupt corporations who have the corrupt politicians and government appointees on their boards, and a well paid, corrupt media as a propaganda wing that Joseph Goebbels would be envious of. Surely no one could gain high political office without the backing of this gang. There was some good talent in the "Democrat" primary, which was ignored as the corrupt puppet was railroaded through. (The media would do things like insert a chart on the screen in front of those people when the candidates were together, and never mention that they were pulling big crowds or had done really well in some state. In fact, never even mention them or their thoughts and ideas. Ron Paul, by far the most popular person there, got the same treatment in the "Republican" primaries in 2008.)
   So it is never individuals running for the great office to set the course of the nation. It is a great host of corrupt, mostly unelected individuals who predetermine who will be permitted to be their mouthpiece. And this situation has more and more prevailed for decades.
   For example, even in the 1960s and 1970s Richard Nixon would do the bidding of the oil gangstas, so they helped him win the presidency in 1968. (Probably one of their moves, without involving Nixon himself, was having someone shoot the favorite to win, Robert Kennedy.) For about 5 years he did their bidding, maintaining the Vietnam war (in spite of having promised to end it) and keeping a threatening international attitude. Then he had some sort of epiphany, apparently in the Lincoln Memorial talking to some college students. He ended the war, gave long overdue diplomatic recognition to China, and started arms limitation talks with the Soviet Union. I was astonished that he had ended the war, but he didn't seem to get much gratitude for it from anyone. (Thank you, Richard!) His backers were furious. Dirt about the election that would doubtless never have surfaced otherwise was soon paraded in public view and dominated the news above the good things he was now doing, and well before his second term expired he was hurled from office.

   Today, for an outsider to the whole corrupting process to win at any time would be incredible. It would have to be someone who was already well known, who was so rich himself he didn't need their support, who would hire his own security staff and be the best protected presidential candidate in history, and who could somehow break through as the candidate for one of the two political groups who could win. He would have to be flambouyant enough to capture peoples' imagination, and he would have to be a real fighter with a keen understanding of, and counters to, the strategies being employed. Some of these characteristics might not be seen as ideal for a national leader, but that would be the only sort of individual who might prevail against the whole Washington insiders' "club".
   And winning the presidency would only be step one in trying to end the oligarchical rule. He would then have to start clearing out the upper echelon members of whole corrupted legal system, both the enforcement arm and the judicial arm, before any other "housecleaning" was possible. Those put into their positions by the DC establishment would never decide to prosecute or convict those who put them there - or themselves. And the corrupt congress has to ratify the choices for key positions. Why would they allow such a president to surround himself with uncorrupt outsiders to their club? (Dr. Paul Craig Roberts, then deputy treasury secretary and cocreator of "Reaganomics" has said they hampered Ronald Reagan and prevented him from accomplishing things he wanted to do by forcing him to choose "their" people who didn't like his agenda.)
   He would be up against the entire media propaganda machine and the entire DC establishment, who would see having the American people electing any politician to the highest office to make decisions they hadn't formulated and agreed to as the most extreme threat to their hegemony, wealth, power, position and influence. And indeed considering their many shared and individual illegal and immoral acts to obtain and retain those high positions and their wealth, also their freedom from prosecution, possible jail time and ultimately perhaps their lives, treason against the Constitution being an executable offense. They would therefore have no hesitation in using all their power, money, influence and craft in repeatedly, remorselessly, loudly and publicly ridiculing and demonizing such a president, proclaiming white to be black and black to be white, and to accuse him of the very acts and attitudes they themselves are guilty of.
  (Trump's almost first move in February 2017 was to declare corruption to be a national emergency and take certain measures against corrupt fortunes. The nation was never told of this by the media AFAIK, and I suspect that to this day most people haven't heard of it.)

   And here is the largest issue that America can ever face: if all that manipulation should fail, if there was no other way to retain their hegemony against the citizenry within even a heavily rigged democratic fašade, why would they stop short of the ultimate betrayal of every democratic principle their nation stands for: rigging a critical election in their own favour? With that, American democracy, whether or not its form is continued or discontinued, would be at an end. The oligarchy will claim every election thereafter in their favor and will have reserved unbridled and unchallengeable power completely to itself, forever. Is all hope for a freer and better world being dashed before our eyes?
   On the other hand, they have laid down the gauntlet. If they can't take control of the country, arrests of the chief election fraudsters, even many individuals, are likely. The general in charge of the military operation in Germany (Frankfurt?) to seize the "Dominion" voting computer that all the others evidently reported to, under control of the CIA, has said there will be shocking revelations. The fact of the existence of this office, placed far from American soil, and the need for a military raid, perhaps shows how far reaching and well organized the whole election fraud plot was. (Evidently this high-stakes raid had military casualties. The "Cocaine Importing Agency" isn't used to being on the wrong end of a covert operation, and these people probably had orders to protect the computer at all costs. Has the CIA ever done anything good in its entire seven decade existence?)
   Perhaps the election fraud moves were anticipated and watched even before the election, and a trap has been set. (How did the military & presumably the white house know about the seemingly crooked vote counting operation in Germany?) If that happens, this may be the present 'oligopoly's last stand. That might provide a breathing space of a decade or two, maybe even three, before a new band of opportunists has filled their places -- a breathing space in which to make structural changes, to evolve democracy to a new level that will prevent any future repetition.

   (Now I hear that they had already been "subtly" rigging elections, at state levels too. Usually shifting the result by perhaps 5 or 10 or 15% makes the difference. In 2016 that evidently wasn't enough, resulting in an ending that was obviously a shock to the "impartial" newscasters covering it. One could see the incredulity on their faces and disappointment in their voices, on every "mainstream" news channel covering the election, as their anointed queen was outvoted - and so probably in actuality quite heavily outvoted - across the country. A video on youtube shows all these distraught media persona reactions in one place. In 2020 more blatantly obvious methods of fraud had to be employed to secure the desired outcome. Apparently a considerable majority of the American public just aren't buying the stories any more.)

   Here I have identified my opinion, my perspective on what is happening and what has been happening for decades, derived from how everything has been unfolding and all that I have heard or seen said. Obviously if one believes the election was fair and honest, and the the winning candidate isn't a despicable criminal, who was chosen to be a willing puppet to the "deep state" behind the scenes, one will have an entirely different impression than mine. Both views are certainly sustained by many millions of people, and obviously they are mutually incompatible -- one is surely more or less right and the other wrong or highly exaggerated.

   But let us step out of the box. What are the underlying causes that have given rise to this all-around unsatisfactory situation; what needs to be changed so that the situation will be modified and evolve in a favorable manner?


1. We should acknowledge that our democracies are primitive, unevolved. In many regards they may be thought of more as "rotating dictatorships" than than the ideal of "rule by, for and of the people". A couple of hundred years ago, that was a big step up, and truly the big step up, from authoritarian rule by self-chosen monarchy or dictatorship. It was good enough for the time, and maybe as good as it could have been. The public at large had much less interaction with national government and were mostly more concerned with getting in their firewood and food for the next winter. Public schools for all were a new idea from Scotland. But why has so little of government framework changed since then? Has democracy become a dinosaur that simply can't evolve into new forms to adapt and thrive in changing social conditions?


2. The first problem in detail is that those elected to govern gain power under the current system, whatever it is. Most of them want power and influence and have no interest in changing what worked for them, fostering political progress, or in sharing decision making power with other concerned citizens within the populace. They want to impose their will on society, sometimes as they may truly believe it will be for "the greater good", sometimes for baser reasons. But in our current "top down" systems, nothing significant is approved except by decree of the national leader. If no one can hammer it onto his agenda - and no one person can possibly deal with everything - either decisions are made privately by unelected persons behind the scenes or it doesn't get dealt with at all.
   Thus the "political class" soon come to have a conflict of interest with the citizenry they are supposed to represent as well as with those who realize that change is needed, but who rarely gain the political power needed to make such changes. The adept politicians can outmaneuver them in public posturing and win the elections with ease. A program to make subtle changes to the way things are done, rather than to promise 'great' things, has little appeal in an election.
   Canada's present leader promised to change what I call the "illiterate's "X"" single choice voting system, but scrapped the plan once he had power. BC voters apparently didn't grasp the benefits anyway and rejected the similar free offer of improving the provincial system. Even so, these very desirable improvements to the voting systems, which will (someday) finally be implemented after producing a century and more of transparently unfair election results, were not the sort of major structural changes that would bring democracy back from its gradual but long continued decay to new levels of "bottom up" progress and refinement. So things have stayed largely the same for a couple of hundred years, stuck in one place -- amidst continual and cumulative societal growth and change. Only when something has clearly failed is some half-measure applied to try and shore up the dam.


3. Revolution (as in USA) or the threat of revolution - (as in the reform bill of 1831(?) that passed in British parliament by just one vote (IIRC) out of over six hundred cast, even with all the cogent arguments brought forth for it and the urgent threat of a potential "French Revolution" in Britain) - brought us democracy. Democracy is the only form of government that can grow and adapt over time. That doesn't mean that it will do so, but no other form can. If democracy fails to evolve and adapt, it will be gamed more and more and become more and more corrupt. Sooner or later it will fail. The result of a revolution in a democratic state would probably be devolution to authoritarianism and dictatorship. "We tried democracy. It didn't work." It might be a hundred years or more before it would be tried again. Civilization with personal liberty, safety and protection from unjust treatment by government would probably collapse and a new dark age would be upon us. (Legislation for meting out unjust treatment with no recourse to citizens was passed in the USA's "NDAA", "Patriot Act" in 2001 and further actions, and has been employed.) "Dangerous radicals" who wanted liberties back might just start disappearing like in Pinochet's Argentina and so many other regimes. (Hmm, is it not already happening? What about the fatal sabotaging of journalist Michael Hastings' car in 2012 when he e-mailed Wikileaks that he had an expose on the CIA coming up? Murder of the doctor claiming a cure for autism with his body turning up in a river in another state?)


4. So the first thing that needs to change is to gain the ability to make changes when and as required, without a revolution. How is this to be accomplished? Unfortunately there is no obvious solution to this today. Every civilization that has ever existed on this planet has failed and passed into the history books. And it is not what they have done that has been their undoing, but what they have left undone. Corruption and cronyism crept into the ruling circles. Their institutions, laws and societies, trying to maintain a "status quo" that was no longer useful, failed to make the evolutionary changes to the way things were done that would enable them to adapt to new needs and conditions.
   But "The Most Highs rule in the affairs of the kingdoms of Men", and "All things work together for the progress of men and angels." Global circumstances are lining up to promote changes that would never be permitted by the 'authorities' and institutions that have held sway for a century or two. We have tremendous problems building up, far beyond the capacity of present day "top down" governments to deal with, and the time is approaching when people will, in utter desperation and with individuals everywhere wondering it they'll be alive next week, at last, start looking "outside the box" for meaningful "bottom up" community-based solutions and trying out things that they would never have considered before.


5. "Nature abhors a vacuum", and where there is a power vacuum, those seeking power will tend to fill it. A swamp will not form or fill without a depression in the ground to hold water. In principle then, much of the power should be distributed, delegated, with citizen oversight. Power and vacuums of power must be recognized, and some institution must be created to handle that power in a way compatible with the core values of being human, with the morality and ethics that spring from them.

   Some people have said "The government is the problem." and they are to an extent right about current governments. But their solution, to get rid of government entirely, is entirely unworkable. That would create the worst possible power vacuum - of national leadership - which would be fought out by rival gangs and factions until one would assume absolute power, and by no means allow everyone to live the life of freedom and peace they naively envision. The thugs of the slave masters would tell everyone what to do at the point of a gun.
   One of the most sacred duties of government is to protect everyone's freedom by not allowing any one person or entity to infringe upon the rights of any others. The fact that this is being done so badly today is perhaps an indication of how close we are to societal collapse.


6. To recap, the primal values of being human may be considered as being:

- Life
- Equality
- Growth
- Quailty of Life
- Empathy
- Compassion
- Love for Humanity

   One could perhaps employ a different word or two, perhaps say that empathy and compassion are the same thing or go hand in hand, but expressing them as these seven core values seems good. Aside from life itself, they divide into three primary values and three secondary. The three primary ones have created civilizations. But all are necessary to build a sustainable civilization that will adapt over time and never collapse as long as the world and people exist.


7. A chief societal problem is that while we as humans all have these values in the very DNA of our beings and we intrinsically know right from wrong, they are not automatically inherited when we create an organization or institution. Unless the new entity is formed from the start with the specific intention to uphold these values, they become supplanted by subsidiary, derived values. An enterprise values "profit". Why? To improve quality of life, of course! That's where it's derived from.
   But whose quality of life? Just the shareholders? and the executive? giving the workers as little as possible? and giving the customers as little as possible for their money? Who are the real shareholders of a company - just those who have invested dollars, or everyone who has helped build it, even the customers who value the products? Core values, at least of equality, empathy and compassion are lost by in the search simply for "profit" for the dollar investors and the corporate executives. Other examples of institutions in government, education, health and so on working for secondary values may be a bit less obvious, but they are not wholeheartedly working for the benefit of their society.
   With every institution seeking its own advantage vis a vis the citizenry and against others, in alignment with their secondary values, more and more there is no "free world", no Canada, United States, Europe... instead there are a bunch of competing factions and "Our Society" as a whole is less and less perceptible. Fewer and fewer identify with what they perceive that to be, and more and more with their faction.


8. One way to help eliminate power vacuums today could be with concerned citizen "Design Teams", each one constituted around a single "issue" or topic. Our communication and transportation and "leisure" time are now such that such teams could easily meet on a regular basis in members' homes to hash out options and solutions to things that don't seem to be working out and need changing or even initial organization.
   But such teams in different locations would be in contact with each other through the internet, and the solutions of each team would be subjected to an overall consensus process. A final consensus would be presented to government for action. This would be more powerful than lobbying by corporations and suchlike as they would be recognized as the selected best solutions of the entire concerned citizenry as a whole. Uncooperative and unqualified members of governments would be recognized as such and others who would be a part of the process would take their places, as less theater and posturing, and instead more unbiased information about the candidates, their views and their qualifications will start to become known before and during elections. Again the internet will play a major role in this shift. (I'm expecting it in the coming decades, not overnight -- but that's not impossible either.)

   Perhaps the best available reference to this new idea of organizing such teams as part of "bottom up" or "third stage" democracy is in Daniel Raphael's papers on The Design Team Process:

BigMacSpeaks.life/daniel-raphael-papers/

   Raphael also speaks on other topics to help make the world more socially self-sustaining, such as means for evolving our democracies to this new "3rd stage" with far more involvement by concerned citizens.


9. Some powers should be decentralized, in order that community decisions can be made within a community rather than at a state or federal level. Making lower level decisions at a higher level results in decisions that can't be tailored to each individual community, and so levels of dissatisfaction are obtained outside the most populous community.


   I'm not sure I've really done this subject justice. I'll probably recur to it in the future. But I felt a need to address it at this time so here it is, and I hope that designers of future society will find some of these ideas and information useful.




Efficacy of Ivermectin for Treating CoViD19

   The first lab study and hospital uses of Ivermectin (AKA "Stromectol") last spring weren't just "out of the blue" as it was already known to be effective against some viruses. Since last April or May it's been apparent that Ivermectin is a fabulous medication against CoViD.
   Now, here's a chart of the essential results of a recent study in Egypt of 400 hospitalized CoViD patients, comparing Hydroxychloroquine versus Ivermectin. I won't go into great detail here except to say that no supporting administrations such as vitamin D or zinc were given, and that the dosage of Ivermectin used was double the norm given for parasites. Dr. Chris Martenson (PeakProsperity.org) mentions more details in his video "USE THIS ONE WEIRD TRICK" on youtube. (The obscure "click bait" title is to keep youtube from shadow-banning it. He never mentions Hydroxychloroquine by name in the video either, for the same reason. He calls it "Dwizibin" instead - After all, Youtube can't have ignorant people - especially medical doctors reading from actual clinical studies - spreading misinformation about medical topics of great concern and interest to all. If they persist, delete their channel with all their videos, even many years' worth of them, without warning. It's happening a lot lately. Discussion of controversial subjects is all but banned. Freedom of speech is always permissible in a closet, but not where there might be an audience!)


100 Less serious patients -
given Ivermectin
100 Very serious patients -
given Ivermectin
100 Less serious patients -
given Hydroxychloroquine
100 Very serious patients -
given Hydroxychloroquine
Recovered
99
94
74
50
"Progressed"
1
4
22
30
Died
0
2
4
20

   Remember that these were all people sick enough to be hospitalized, not the many who got it and recovered without major issue. Doubtless the death rate would have been still higher without hydroxychloroquine, but every instance has shown that Ivermectin is far better, especially in later stages of more serious cases.
   (The chief American medical bodies have now recognized (or is it "finally admitted") that Hydroxychloroquine is helpful after all -- even if President Trump was telling everyone all along that his doctors said so! Still nothing at all is recommended on the CDC's CoViD information page either for prevention or treatment. No mention of Ivermectin.)
   The study also had two more groups of 100 each: health care workers in the hospital. Of those who were given Ivermectin (along with all other precautions), 2 got CoViD, and of those who weren't, 10 did. (And again there was that Toronto nursing home last March where the residents were given ivermectin for another cause, weeks in advance of the onset of CoViD decimating other nursing home populations. In that home few residents caught it - just many of the staff.) So it also seems quite effective as a preventative. So while everybody sits around yearning for an effective vaccine to appear before they try to get on with their lives, there's already a safe, cheap, easy to produce pill that is probably at least as effective as any vaccine that might be hastily constituted in the early part of this decade. The Egyptian study is just one of many instances showing how effective Ivermectin is.
   And a virus vaccine (as opposed to a bacterial vaccine) probably won't be a miracle anyway. Lots of people who take influenza vaccines every year still get the flu, and it's a running battle of trying to keep up with 'mutations' of the flu virus that continually require new vaccines to be developed. If only temporary immunity is obtained anyway, it might as well be by a pill.

Perhaps worthy of note: Before Ivermectin's value was known, it was said there was a shortage of Hydroxychloroquine. (so don't even think of asking for it, eh!) At the start of the epidemic a lab in Greece ordered raw materials from India and made 24 million doses of Hydroxychloroquine in one weekend. Apparently the USA can't manage anything like that with either of these cheap, easy to produce medications. So any shortages are apparently self inflicted. Nor (last I heard), in spite of its proven effectiveness around the rest of the world, had the USA even started any 'official' clinical trials with Ivermectin that would get it approved for general use for CoViD in the western democracies. CoViD death rates per million in "third world" countries that have no hesitations about using Ivermectin are much lower than in the USA. (...which I heard has the highest "deaths per million" of all nations!) To be fair it must also be noted that these "low-CoViD" countries mostly have warm climates and people aren't congregating indoors in buildings with closed windows and recirculating ventilation.

   So: After telling everyone how serious CoViD is and making a really big deal of it, destroying the whole economy and the food chain and issuing trillions of dollars in bailouts, now for nearly a year (nearly 1/4 of all existing US dollars were issued in 2020)... let us make not the slightest haste about telling the public about the safe, effective and known preventative and cure, or offering it -- even to those who have the disease or are at high risk of getting it!


* See no Ivermectin

* Hear no Ivermectin

* Speak no Ivermectin

* Tell the public we're all waiting anxiously for a pricele$$ miracle vaccine
that may be half as effective against CoViD19 as Ivermectin already is.




Owing to the "alarming increase" in CoViD-19 cases, many US states and
Canadian provinces, and many European nations, are locking down again!
But in many of them, the death rate is very low and hasn't risen.


  Once again, the "new cases" statistic probably includes more of the 2.5% false
positives, inevitable from testing tens of millions of people, than real cases.

And why aren't all of the positive tested people, those at higher
risk, and those who are in fact ill, being offered Ivermectin?
How close to being criminal is it that they aren't?


   Instead whole populations endure lockdowns, business closures and other edicts with increasingly severe enforcement and increasing death rates both from CoViD and from many other restriction and lockdown related causes. People are suffering more and more from the effects of these draconian measures. Something stinks. To high heaven. We're being led or shoved into authoritarian dictatorship by the media and a hundred would-be tin-pot dictators in many states and nations, who actually seem to care nothing about our freedom, health and lives, more excited somehow about abusing and wrongfully extending their authority far beyond reasonable limits. They seem willfully blind to any direction available except what fits their authoritarian agenda.

   With cheap Ivermectin freely for sale in drug stores (and of course with the public being told about it!), we would surely be free of CoViD by now except for occasional individual outbreaks which would be quickly quelled, and at the very least free of its worst effects of severe illnesses and deaths, and devastating economic disruptions.
   While this virus, endemic to bats, somehow got passed to humans, in the west the societal reaction to that has been, like the body's "cytokine storm" reaction to the virus itself, highly overblown and highly inappropriate. It would seem that those who call CoViD a "plandemic", are wrong as to fact (we trust), but not without justification for their outrage and protests.

---

   All that said, CoViD-19 isn't the first newly appearing disease to start killing people in recent times, but it is the first pathogen that has both jumped the species barrier from some animal and then also spread uncontrollably among humans, making a pandemic. Our population being so large and dense, there will be a much worse pandemic(s) in the coming decades, killing billions, until a balance with nature is restored. With world travel having ground almost to a halt, it will probably spread considerably more slowly than CoViD did. ...unless there is a long lull in which widespread international travel resumes. If CoViD had had a high mortality rate to match its high contagiousness, our population would have already been significantly reduced. (Even now it seems that a second strain of CoViD has emerged. So far neither has had a high mortality rate and Ivermectin seems effective on both.)




Gardening & Chickens

   There's not a lot to say about gardening now as winter sets in and there are just a few bunches of swiss chard showing, plus oodles of potatoes still in the ground. I have started up the LED indoor garden but not gotten very serious about it. (Maybe if I want greens later this winter I should!)


My original rooster and hen are farthest left, a bit stand-off-ish.
The white turkey has its head in the feed trough with the white ducks in front of it.
Somehow I got 10 of the 11 young chickens in the picture. They weren't cooperative posers.

   I inherited a flock of 11 young chickens, two peking ducks and a turkey (as well as a huge pile of boxes of mostly useless "stuff") when my renter came with them and then moved again. They are trampling my new fenced-in large garden. It's great having the weeds eaten and the ground fertilized, but I must get them out before spring. Perhaps the old fenced garden "meadow", unused for many years because alder trees have grown and shaded it out, would be a good place - just some fence to repair. (After the carport... After the outbuilding... After at least a couple of the more promising green energy projects... But before spring!)
   So far they all look like hens to me. But in the next two or three months they should start to show their true colors. and start to lay eggs. What will I do with all those eggs? I guess I'll have to get someone to sell them for me at the farmers' market. Or just advertise them very locally and do self-serve from my driveway?

   Why are this apple tree's leaves turning yellow (25th)? They were green (12th) until half way through the month. Where was that chart I put in an issue or two back, showing what minerals might be lacking based on the patterns and colors of the leaves?

   Okay, the real question is: Why does it still have leaves in November (and even into December) when other broad leaf trees are bare? The cherry tree nearby has been bare for a couple of months.

   But even more... why doesn't it bloom in the spring? I want apples, but I'm not getting them.





Small Thots

* Carbonated Beverages and Tooth Decay

   In a recent issue I stated that I thought the prime cause of tooth decay was carbonated beverages. This was based on some observation of others I knew well plus unfortunate personal experience. I went for many years without eating much sugar and mostly without drinking carbonated beverages, and had few cavities. Then I drank quite a bit of rootbeer for just a couple of years and needed a pile of fillings in my teeth. (mostly between most of my teeth because I wasn't flossing much, but that wasn't much change of lack of tooth care from before the rootbeer.) Since then I've gone for many years eating lots of sugary things, but pretty much avoiding carbonated drinks of any kind, and having very little further tooth trouble. I do now always floss and run the little plastic/rubber toothpicks between my teeth along with brushing before bed.

   But it has occurred to me a better reason than simply the acidity of the CO2: It's also a gas, bubbling out of the drink including in the mouth, and I would suppose it penetrates deeply into tooth enamel, its acidity at least weakening or softening it, and perhaps rendering it more vulnerable to bacteria.


* Gold "Confiscation"?

   When considerable numbers of average persons might do especially well over something, government has a longstanding habit of changing the rules in mid stream.
   In 1931(?) in the USA, the US dollar was being shunned. Gold was "confiscated" to make the dollar more popular by eliminating the alternative. No one was allowed to own more than one troy ounce. Having more was punishable by law. (I understand jewellery and "collectible" items like old gold coins were exempt.) The rest had to be sold to a government approved bank for about 20 $/ozt. Lots of people had their savings in gold coins, as it was essentially inflation proof. Newspaper ads and articles insinuated that you weren't patriotic if you didn't turn in your gold, and you couldn't visit your own safety deposit box in a bank without a federal agent accompanying you. (The rich moved their gold to other countries in advance.) As soon as the government had it all, gold was repriced to 35 $/ozt. Thus the whole population essentially had been gypped of around 43% of their wealth held in gold, to fund the government and prop up the dollar. The Great Depression with its poverty and starvation ran until the end of the decade - ably assisted by the "dust bowl" years when it was too dry to grow crops over a large agricultural area.

   People talk now about the growing financial and economic crisis and the potential for gold confiscation. Some say, "But far fewer people own any. Why would the government bother, and how would it help anything?" But gold has been flying off the shelves of late. I found a video on the subject.
   The author thinks that today "confiscation" would be done through taxation. It is simple to track sales to bullion dealers, and any sales that happen via the internet, and those have become the majority of sales. As gold "heads for the moon" in price (really meaning that paper currencies are hyperinflating), all profits from gold sales would be taxed at a very high rate, eg, 90%. Thus the benefit of anyone holding gold would accrue to the government instead of to the person who bought it. Probably only gold would be accorded this treatment - and probably, if it does happen, at or soon after the "reset" scheduled for late January 2021. Best to have some silver (and or any other valuable metal ... platinum ... iridium ... dysprosium ... ?) instead, or in addition?


* The "propaganda media" has a way of saying things which too many naive people 'swallow'.

Trump: "I hate the KKK. Since I was 5 years old." (He did say that.)
Listener (with irony): That's pretty strong language for a supposed 'white supremacist'!" (This I made up...)
Media reporting: "Commentator says white supremacist Trump uses "strong language." (...but it seems typical of the way the media twists things to push their 'narrative'.)


* The food shortages about to strike, mentioned in the CoViD article above, will be partly due to all the farm, ranch and intermediate food chain shutdowns this year, as well of course as to the devastating global crop failures of the past two years. Famine will claim orders of magnitude more victims than CoViD has. In the West no one in authority is paying that any attention, and food concerns when mentioned at all are downplayed and blamed on "hoarding" by people who are facing yet more heinous lockdowns. (...more lockdowns in spite of the WHO having changed its mind and decreed that they are counterproductive.)
   All across the USA hordes of people who until recently were working productively now line up for hours at food banks to get groceries for a few meals. And by December grocery stores have increasingly had empty shelves and more difficulty refilling them. It's easy to prophesize that the breaking point is not far off.

   I've seen comments under youtube videos of people who are happy they have 2 or 3 months worth of food put away. The next major harvests, however, will not be in January or February. We have just passed harvest time. (Harvests?... by all those bankrupted farmers?... with their labor forces disrupted and dispersed by CoViD measures?... in the increasingly chaotic weather seemingly caused by 'global warming' and the extended, long-lived jet trails in the stratosphere as well as the grand solar minimum?)




ESD
(Eccentric Silliness Department)


* Sometimes in winter small animals like cats, squirrels or birds discover that the hood of a recently driven car is still warm for quite a while and sit or even sleep on them. Amusing!


* Ideology: Philosophies of ideots.


* If dividing zero by zero makes no sense, why do we have a special symbol for it: % ?


* Vladimir Putin has declined to congratulate Joe Biden on his election victory until the lawsuits are settled and the final verdict is known. Asked if that might damage Russian-American relations when so many other leaders have already congratulated Biden, Putin replied "There's nothing to damage. They're already ruined."
   I thought that was as hilarious as it was true! When's the last time you heard any American spokesman say anything good about Russia? And of course if Trump is finally declared the winner, aren't all those other "so hasty" leaders, falling all over themselves, who thought the media decides elections, going to have egg on their faces? Will it hurt their relations with America?


* Shouldn't a storm named "Andrew" be called a "Himmicane"?


* With all the people who can't pay their mortgages, we will soon be moving out of the realm of foreclosures and into fiveclosures, tenclosures, and foretyclosures.







   "in depth reports" for each project are below. I hope they may be useful to anyone who wants to get into a similar project, to glean ideas for how something might be done, as well as things that might have been tried, or just thought of and not tried... and even of how not to do something - why it didn't work or proved impractical. Sometimes they set out inventive thoughts almost as they occur - and are the actual organization and elaboration in writing of those thoughts. They are thus partly a diary and are not extensively proof-read for literary perfection, consistency, completeness and elimination of duplications before publication. I hope they may add to the body of wisdom for other researchers and developers to help them find more productive paths and avoid potential pitfalls and dead ends.





Electric Transport

Ground Effect Vehicle (1/4 scale model)


[3rd] I had been searching for my TI Launchpad MSP430 development board that had one of my 1980s "Display-Controllers" attached, last used 2018. Finally I started looking in earnest - it had to be somewhere. A couple hours turned it up. So often my projects (energy and other) turn into a search for something!

   Then I arbitrarily assigned (as they were all connected next to each other on one header pin strip):

 port 1:6 = up and down 'throttle'/power control - input 3 from radio control receiver
 port 1:7 = side to side 'steering' control - input 4 from radio control receiver
 port 2:4 = Left Ducted Fan - output to its 'ESC' Motor Controller
 port 2:5 = Right Ducted Fan - output.

   That left the other header strip free for the 'display-controller' so I could program it to show just what was going on. (Then I had to get on to something else and didn't get back to it.)




Other "Green" Electric Equipment Projects


Small 3D Printed 12 Volt Panel Lights

[25th] While I had started with some aluminum plate chunks to back LED COB flat lights with, I had found that owing to having few and short fins, the plates gradually got quite hot. So having gone so far as to design a 3D printable case in OpenSCAD, I ordered some finned heatsinks that were just the right size. When they arrived I incorporated them into a new, slightly smaller LED COB panel light. I printed a couple and liked the second one.



   Notwithstanding that it was a very small project to assemble the light, I did it in dribs and drabs over a couple of weeks, finishing on the 25th.
   My next thought was it should have a fuse in case it's plugged into too high a voltage or something. I didn't leave room for a fuse. Rats! (Might still squeeze one in.)
   Hmm... I picked #6-32 size for the mounting bolts. It would seem 1/2" is too short and 3/4" is too long, sticking out the back. Need exactly 5/8" - the size between that I don't have.


   It didn't get as hot, even at 10 watts instead of 7. It's amazing how the temperature just keeps creeping up from a few watts if the heat isn't being effectively dissipated to the air. (Note: I could feel some heat in front of the light as well as the warming heatsink. Might heat yellow the diffuser?) Owing to the direction of the cooling fins, if it's mounted on a wall the best orientation is vertically. Putting it on "low" it was about 1.5 watts, and still plenty bright, using a 10 ohm resistor. (1/4 watt resistor... I wonder how warm that's getting? It must be almost 1/4 watt. I don't have any 1/2 watt. Maybe I should try 15 ohms? 1 watt of light is still a good night light.)

[26th] I had used a 1.2 ohm (5 watts) resistor as the current limit for "bright". But if it's 9-10 watts at 12 volts, what would it be run off batteries under charge at say 13.5 volts? I decided to drop the current and use a 2.0 ohm resistor. It can be 10 watts at the highest voltage and drop to 5 watts as the battery weakens. That's still enough to read by.

   In future I may make it a little taller to get the diffuser farther from the COB LED emitters. It's pretty glaring.
   I may also revise the case design to include a DC to DC down converter for operation from 15(?) to 36 volts.

[29th] I changed the "high" resistor to 2.0 Ω and the "low" one to 18 ohms. The idea of the unregulated supply for 'off-grid' is that the power drops as the voltage drops, conserving the battery. I measured and got the following results:

Supply Voltage
Resistor Drop 2Ω ("High")
Calculated
(Total) Watts
10.5 V
.098 V
0.51 W
11.0
.335
1.84
12.0
.98
5.88
12.5
1.165
7.3
13.0
~1.5
9.75
13.5
1.92
12.96

Resistor 18Ω ("low")

12.0
1.525 V
1.02 W

   The target was to be around 7 watts, which target area is achieved from 12 to almost 13 volts. But one sees that it would probably be inadvisable to run this light for a long period if the supply voltage is over about 13 volts. The COB LED is rated for up to 20 watts, but with the limited heatsink it would get pretty hot. These characteristics should make it a good light for (eg) a solar powered system with a lead-acid battery, used at night. Still the power drop with voltage is insufficient to really safeguard the battery if the light is left on and forgotten for a while. A distinct cutoff around 11.5 volts would do that better.
   For a lithium battery that will sit at about 13 volts or over, and will be higher when on charge, it might want a bit larger resistor, maybe 2.5 or 3 ohms instead of 2.

   Well, it works fine, but I think I've just made a good argument in general for having a regulated power supply if one is selling lights, so as to not have to worry about exactly what batteries and voltages a customer might have. Maybe I should put a DC to DC converter with adjustable current regulation in all of them if I am going to sell them. And then there's just one model for 12 to 36 volts. (Hopefully down to 12.0 volts, at least. Maybe the DC to DC converters will accomplish the desired power reduction below 12 volts?

   The mini-T-Plug shells I made in conjunction with the light are more generally applicable to any 12V appliance (assuming I get people to adopt these nifty plugs and sockets for off-grid use):







Electricity Generation

My Solar Power System



Month of November Log of Solar Power Generated [and grid power consumed]

(All times are in PST: clock 48 minutes ahead of sun, not PDT which is an hour and 48 minutes ahead. DC power output readings - mostly the kitchen hot water heater for some months, then just lights - are reset to zero daily (for just lights, occasionally), while the others are cumulative.)

Solar: House, Trailer  => total KWH [grid power meter reading(s)@time] Sky conditions
Km = electric car drove distance, then car was charged.

October

31th 1106.41,295.61 =>   1.53 [55Km; 78045@18:30] Rain.

November
01st 1107.24, 296.19 => 1.41  [78086@19:00] Morrain.
02st 1109.29, 297.23 => 3.09  [55Km; 78138@18:30] Sun and rain. (even both at once)
03st 1110.75, 297.99 => 2.22  [78185@19:30] more rain, a bit of sun or light clouds.
04nd 1111.41, 298.33 => 1.00  [78225@18:30] yet mor rain and even less sun.
05AM 1113.26,299.17 => 2.69  [78271@20:30] sun, clouds, no(?) rain.
06PM 1115.07,300.10 => 2.74  [60Km; 78326@18:00] Similar to 5th.
07DST Oops! => [est. 4.00] Sunny all day. Rats, the one really sunny day and I forgot to check the readings! Probably over 4 KWH.
08rd 1118.90,302.93=>[est 2.66] total for 2 days: 6.66 KWH [78424@19:00] Partly sunny
09rd 1121.15, 304.57 => 3.89  [78471@21:00] Mainly sunny.
10th 1123.78, 306.61 => 4.67  [55Km; 78526@17:30] Sunny and cold.
11th 1124.64, 307.08 => 1.33  [78580@18:00] cloudy until late afternoon.
12th Missed another one! [est. 1.00] (Musta been the 3 hour nap + long fone call)  Trailer: 307.38(?) Cloudy.
13th 1127.01,308.26 =>[est. 2.55] total 2 days = 3.55 [78670@18:00] Some sun.
14LF 1127.58, 308.52 => 0.83  [55Km; 78747@20:30] Mostly rain. High winds and storm overnight.
15MF 1128.62, 308.95 => 1.47  [78787@23:30] Clouds but not rain. (Clear at dark - stars, heavy frost.)
16HF 1129.24, 309.32 => 0.99  [55Km; 78833@16:00] Clouds, rain.
17VHF 1129.76,309.55 => 0.75 [78878@21:00] Clouds, drizzle.
18ch 1131.77, 310.96 => 3.42  [78909@17:00; 60Km] Sunny or mostly sunny.
19AH 1133.32, 311.90 => 2.49 [78952@17:00] Scattered clouds & jet trails.
20pF 1134.30, 312.41 => 1.49  [78991@18:00] Heavier clouds, less sun.
21mF 1134.56,312.53 => 0.38  [79022@17:00; 55Km] Rain and wind, dark... then a pink sunset.
22nm 1135.00,312.71 => 0.62  [79071@22:00] Clouds and cold.
23th 1135.55, 313.01 => 0.85  [79105@7:30] Clouds and rain. 7░.
24th 1136.76, 313.59 => 1.79  [79152@22:00] Couds and rain with a couple of sunny breaks.
25K  1137.60, 314.01 => 1.26  [55Km; 79187@20:30] Cloudy. Some rain.
26F  1138.44, 314.47 => 1.30  [79211@17:00; 40Km] Mor and mor cloudz.
27C  1139.66, 315.05 => 1.80  [79252@17:30] some lighter clouds?
28th 1140.13, 315.24 => 0.66  [79277@17:30; 55Km] Pretty dark!
29th 1140.49, 315.41 => 0.53  [79308@16:30] Even darker.
30th 1142.12, 316.40 => 2.62  [79346@17:00] Gosh, some actual sunshine for a while between the clouds and jet trails.

December

01st 1142.72, 316.71 => 0.91  [55Km; 79385@23:00] Clouds and storm.
02nd 1143.38,317.11 => 1.06  [79406@17:00] Wind, clouds, occasional sun in AM, 9░.
03rd 1143.53, 317.18 => 0.22  [79427@17:00] It doesn't get much darker; and lots of sprinkles too.
04th 1143.90, 517.34 => 0.53  [78450@21:30]

Daily KWH from solar panels. (Compare November 2020 with October 2020 & with November 2019.)


   KWH
(Each Day)
November 2020 (12 panels)
October 2020 (12 panels)
Nov. 2019 (12 Panels)
0.xx
8
4
3
1.xx
10
6
8
2.xx
7
1
12
3.xx
3
2
6
4.xx
2
11
1
5.xx

6

6.xx

1

7.xx
-
-

8.xx
-
-

9.xx
-
-

10.xx
-
-

11.xx
-
-

12.xx
-
-

13.xx
-
-

14.xx
-
-

15.xx
-
-

16.xx
-
-

17.xx



18.xx



Total KWH
56.49
109.83
69.11


Monthly Tallies: Solar Generated KWH [Power used from grid KWH]
2019
March 1-31: 116.19 + ------ + 105.93 = 222.12 KWH - solar [786 KWH - used from grid]
April - 1-30: 136.87 + ------ + 121.97 = 258.84 KWH [608 KWH]
May  - 1-31: 156.23 + ------ + 147.47 = 303.70 KWH [543 KWH] (11th solar panel connected on lawn on 26th)
June - 1-30: 146.63 + 15.65 + 115.26 = 277.54 KWH [374 KWH] (36V, 250W Hot Water Heater installed on 7th)
July  - 1-31: 134.06 + 19.06 + 120.86 = 273.98 KWH [342 KWH]
August 1-31:127.47 + 11.44+91.82+(8/10)*96.29 = 307.76 KWH [334 KWH] (12th panel connected on lawn Aug. 1)
Sept.- 1-30: 110.72 + 15.30 + 84.91 = 210.93 KWH   [408 KWH] (solar includes 2/10 of 96.29)
Oct.  - 1-31:  55.67 + 13.03 + 51.82 = 120.52 KWH, solar [635 KWH - from grid]
Nov. - 1-30:  36.51 +   6.31 + 26.29 =   69.11 KWH, solar [653 KWH - from grid]
Dec.  - 1-23: 18.98 +   .84* + 11.70 =   31.52 KWH, solar + wind [711 KWH + 414 (while away) = 1125 from grid]

2020
Jan.  - 6-31: 17.52 + ------* + 10.61  =  28.13 KWH, solar+ wind [1111 KWH from grid]
Feb.  - 1-29: 56.83 + ------* + 35.17  =  92.00 KWH, solar + wind [963 KWH from grid]
* Now the solar DC system is only running a couple of lights - not worth reporting. So there's just the 2 grid tie systems: house and "roof over travel trailer".
One year of solar!
March - 1-31: 111.31 +   87.05 = 198.37 KWH solar total  [934 KWH from grid]
April   - 1-30: 156.09 + 115.12 = 271.21 [784 KWH from grid]
May    - 1-31: 181.97 + 131.21 = 313.18 KWH Solar [723 KWH from grid]
June   - 1-30: 164.04 + 119.81 = 283.82 KWH Solar [455 KWH from grid]
July    - 1-31: 190.13 + 110.05 = 300.18 KWH Solar [340 KWH from grid]
August- 1-31: 121.81 + 83.62   = 205.43 KWH Solar [385KWH from Grid]
Sept.  - 1-30: 110.68 + 65.09   = 175.77 KWH Solar [564 KWH used from grid]
Oct.  -   1-31:   67.28 + 42.55   = 109.83 KWH Solar [1360 KWH from grid -- Renters!]
Nov.  -  1-30:   35.70  + 20.79  = 56.49 KWH of Solar [1301 KWH from grid]

Things Noted - November 2020

* By the 10th at least, shadows even from quite distant trees shaded all the panels most of the day. I think my idea of getting more by putting the panels at better angles has limited advantage compared to cutting down some specific trees. Ideally quite a few of them.

* Of course, there are places in this world where the daylight lasts longer than 6 or 7 hours a day in the winter.

* This summer starting with August, and this fall and winter up to now, have been amazingly cloudy, day after dreary day, even for the Pacific north west coast. (Compare my 2019 and 2020 solar collection from August to November of both years (above) - and 2019 was already much cloudier than sunny 2018.) Now I hear that South Korea has had its cloudiest summer "in 300 years" (ruining their 2020 rice production - yet another crop failure we hear of). Okay, that's a few thousand miles away and somewhat farther south. Still, might it all be part of the same weather system or pattern? (And South America has been having an "epic" drought - widespread crop failures.)





Electricity Storage (Batteries)

Turquoise Battery Project: Long lasting, low cost, high energy batteries


   Wow... With everything ready to make what should be the best cell so far... yet again... Sorry, no report!




Assembling My LG 120 AH Lithium Ion Cells Into 36V Sets

[23rd] I finally inquired about the aluminum bar I had ordered in the summer from a friend who was going to the mainland to pick up some aluminum for himself. He had actually bought it when he traveled, but after so long he had forgotten what it was for and was asking himself "Why did I buy this?" I picked it up, two 12 foot bars, and paid him.

   Here's a description of the assembly I came up with to link the cells together. One may find it easier just to refer to the photo. I cut an inter-cell spacer according to my plan. It was 1/2" x 3/4" bar stock, by 65mm long with holes 55mm apart. That put the holes for the bolts just outside of the cell connector tabs, one on each side. 3/4" was the space to use between cells. (7/8" might have been even better, but 3/4 was fine.)
   The end plates were 1/2" x 1/4", the same length with the same holes. One of the pair had threaded holes for bolts long enough to clamp the three pieces together. According to the plan, the battery tabs would be sandwiched between the pieces with the right spacing. Tightening the bolts would give them a solid connection. Making holes with very little slack for the bolts ensured that the clamp pieces couldn't "tilt" much and the assembly would grip the four cell tabs securely.

   There was more than enough width for the 11/64" holes for #8-32 bolts, and I put them more toward one side than the other as some of the tabs were quite short, and the closer to the inside end they could be gripped, the better. (but making sure no tabs were being tugged too taut as the bolts were tightened). Having done it and looked, I think it would have been better to use even thinner 3/8" x 3/4" bar, and 3/8" x 3/8" for the ends. (a little thicker than 1/4" for better stiffness.) Thus made a bit narrower, the clamps wouldn't have stuck out past the plastic cell casing ends. Instead the connections stick out about 1/8". But I have 24 feet of the 1/2 x 3/4 size and no other, so I'm not changing it.
   A cell weighed 1956g and the connection assembly 74g. 74/1956= 3.7% added weight. Very tolerable. 3/8" width would be a bit less.



First two cell modules stacked up and connected.
The corners 'click' together when stacked.


The underside.
The very bottom cell module in each stack will need a plate fitted into
the recess to keep the bottom 2 cells from bulging down when charged.

   Well, that was one. 26 left to go to do all three stacks of 10 cells. Then I can put the stacks in parallel for 360AH (13,320WH), connect the balance chargers, and wire them into the Sprint which is also the house 36V emergency/'off grid' supply.

[24th] I shortened the bar design to 60 mm with the holes 4mm from the ends and made 3 more. Hmm... another work session and I'm all of 15% of the way there. But I'm almost 1/2 way to "Set A". And the voltmeter shows higher voltage as more cells are connected in series.
   A new problem reared its head: I was out of #8-32 x 1.5" machine screws. In civilization I would just run out and get a box of 100. I suppose I could get 7 blister packs of eight... if they have that many.


[27th] I asked at lunch at the cafe in Port Clements and was told that the Coop Home Centre in Masset had a good selection of nuts and bolts. I had driven the Toyota Echo hoping another highway trip would get it running better. (It didn't. Next: remove and inspect spark plugs. Hmm... one spark plug recess full of water!) That meant I actually could get to Masset (without the Nissan Leaf  to run out of charge on the way home). So (a bit dubiously) I continued my drive north. Sure enough, they just had 'spar packs' hanging on the wall. But I discovered these packs were unusually generous with quantities - dozens rather than a mere 4 or 8. One pack with the required machine screws had 75 of them! Well, that was as good as bulk boxes after all. Yay! (Ack - they were phillips instead of robertson! Oh well...)

   The daylight being gone by the time I finally got home and fed the chickens, I spent time in the early evening cutting 6 more sets of aluminum bars. Doing more at once surely saved a lot of time - more work done between changing drill bits, sawing, walking across the shop, et cetera. Then I connected another five cells together. When I went to stack the two sets of five, I found a flaw in my system: one can only access the top clamp bar set with a screwdriver. If the screwdriver were to touch a bar above the one being accessed, there'd be a huge spark and some serious welding going on. (Usually taking a big chunk out of the screwdriver or wrench in my experience. So far I've had no worse results like batteries exploding, but I'm not eager to press my luck.)

   But I noticed that the clamp I had left over for this last join had my original flat head screws. I tightened them up with a small pair of pliers instead of a screwdriver. Still that leaves a wire to each cell from the balance charger to be connected. I may just drill and tap a hole through the face of each clamp so a screw for that can be put in.
   To finish (for now) I put two 1/4" threaded rods through two of the four corner mounting holes to make sure the stack didn't fall apart when lifted. I think it also needs some plate pressing against the soft bottom of the bottom cell to make sure it doesn't blow up like a balloon during charging - like my tiny soft-shelled lithium-ion drone batteries have done. It would seem the top of each one fits onto the bottom of the one above, so only the bottom cell of each stack is a concern.
   Next are the end clamps for the plus and minus terminal connections.

   Not having the balance charger set up yet, I started charging each cell separately with a 10 amp lab power supply. It is interesting to be pumping in 20 to 35 watts or so and to see the voltage only rising maybe 10 millivolts in an hour, and for them to take hours to go from 3.57 volts to 3.7. Yep, they hold a lot of energy! I haven't even tried to fully charge them. At 10 amps that could take 12 hours.

Stack of ten cells for 36 volts, "finished" - except for a bottom plate
and a housing for the whole thing - which will probably be one   
housing for all three stacks. The red box is the Li-Ion balance    
charger. Every cell module plugs into it via the multi-pin header strip.
[28th] I made the end clamps and put big 1/2 inch threaded holes in them for the heavy wires. Then, since each clamp has to be done up in sequence as the cells are stacked up, I took the whole stack apart again, drilled and tapped holes, and added machine screws sticking out the face of each clamp as terminal connections for the balance charger wires. Ugh!

Ruminations About Potential Results

   When all three stacks are done, 4320*3 = ~13 kilowatt-hours is a good backup for the house - fridge, freezer, well pump, lights - if ever it must run on solar power, or enough for some good driving range if I ever actually get the Chevy Sprint "ultra-efficient" EV conversion on the road.
   Maximum continuous discharge current rating for these cells is "3C", 180 amps per cell, draining the cell in under 20 minutes. There are two parallel cells in each module, so 360 amps for each stack, or 1080 amps continuous for three stacks. (Seems ludicrous to me! I bet they'd get hot.) I trust the car won't need half of that. Maybe even 1/3. I don't intend it to be a "muscle car". Still if you want high power at a low voltage, high currents are inevitable. Wires in a car are pretty short, so fat wires aren't a lot of copper. 500A*36V = 18KW/24HP; 350A*36V = 12.6KW/16.8HP. (That's probably not a lot of acceleration at higher speeds, but note that an electric horsepower is worth a lot more than a gasoline horsepower because of the way they're rated. (For a gasoline engine, the HP rating is when it's "red lined" at full throttle. It would fail if actually used that way for long. Electric motors are normally rated for their continuous power without overheating and can usually go substantially higher for short periods.)

   I weighed the finished stack on my bathroom scale: about 43-44 pounds. That's only about 130 pounds for all three stacks. One doesn't need beefed-up springs in a car for that! Distributing them with a couple at the back it's even less concern. Plus, even adding the motor and torque converter to the Chevy Sprint it's probably less weight than the original engine, transmission, gasoline & tank, exhaust pipes and radiator, keeping the originally 1710 (IIRC) pound car probably at or under that weight.
   One does wonder about efficiency, and about the performance in general. The Sprint will be half the weight of the Nissan Leaf. (and these batteries under 1/3 of those of the Leaf.) The 12 inch wheels and thinner tires weigh 25 pounds - probably less than half of a Leaf wheel and tire. I always wonder about wheel rolling resistance. In watching a video I see that thick sidewalls are better than the new thin styles. I had thought the new ones must be better, but it's not so. Furthermore, at high speeds big fat wheels have more wind resistance than small thin ones. But what about wheel and tire diameter? Does a tire 20 inches in diameter have more rolling resistance, or less, than one that's 24 inches? And what about 4 inch tread width versus 7 inches? Perhaps one may assume smaller wheels are better because the lightweight, 3-cylinder Sprint with its small wheels was about the only production car in my experience ever rated at 40 MPG (imperial gallons) for city driving and over 50 on the highway. But I've never seen a real rolling resistance comparison between wheel/tire sizes.

   Anyway, with 55% of the battery energy storage, does that mean the Sprint will go as far as the Leaf on a charge? It probably does, or somewhere close. Obviously it would have much greater range if given the same amount of battery power, still at not much more than 1/2 the vehicle weight. And a solar panel on the roof trickle charging would have more utility than it would on the Leaf even if such charging was possible. (Even if the panel was connected, the Leaf's computer won't acknowledge any charge coming in from an unplanned source, or while driving. The battery could be full but it'll still say it's low and behave accordingly.)
   A concern for highway driving is that the heavy Leaf isn't easily blown around by sudden crosswinds. The Toyota Echo can be a bit scary above 100 KmPH on a windy day, and the Sprint is even lighter, although it probably has less wind profile. (Oh well, highest speed limit on this island is 90.)




http://www.TurquoiseEnergy.com
Haida Gwaii, BC Canada